Arunachal finds mention in the literature of Kalika Purana and Mahabharata. This place is supposed to be the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas. It was here that sage Parashuram washed away his sin, sage Vyasa meditated, King Bhishmaka founded his kingdom and Lord Krishna married his consort Rukmini.
The widely scattered archeological remains at different places in Arunachal bears testimony to its rich cultural heritage. Arunachal Pradesh, a serene land tucked into the North Eastern tip of India, invites you to relax in its picturesque hills and valleys, enjoy its salubrious climate and meet its simple and hospitable people, with their glorious heritage of arts and crafts and colourful festivals that reflect their ancient faith in the inexorable power of nature.
The visitor has a wide variety of options to pick from. There are places of worship and piligrimage such as Parasuramkund and 400 years old Tawang Monastery, or the sites of archeological excavations like Malinithan and Itanagar, the serene beauty of lakes such as Ganga lake or Sela lake or the numerous variations of scenic beauty of the snowclad silver mountain peaks and lush green meadows where thousands of species of flora and fauna prosper. in addition, the state provides abundant scope for angling, boating, rafting, trekking and hiking. Besides, there are a number of wild life sanctuaries and national parks where rare animals, birds and plants will fascinate the visitor.
Nature has provided the people with a deep sense of beauty which finds delightful expression in their songs, dances and crafts. The climate varies from hot and humid to heavy rainfall in the Shivalik range. It becomes progressively cold as one moves northwards to higher altitudes. Trees of great size, plentiful climbers and abundance of cane and bamboo make Arunachal evergreen.
Arunachal Pradesh is considered to be the "nature's treasure trove"and home to orchids, known for their exquisitely beautiful blooms, from one of the dominant taxa with more than six hundred species, occurring in varying elevations and climatic conditions throughout the state.
Bomdila : Bomdila, 190 km from the nearest airport of Tezpur, and 146 km from Rangpura the nearest railhead, is the headquaters of West Kemeng district. The Place offers a view of the beautiful Himalayan Landscape, and also has a number of Buddhist gompas plus lovely apple orchards.
Tawang : A little way off from Bomdila is Tawang at a height of 3,040 metres, and one of the highest administrative headquarters in the world Malinithan, 1 km from Lilabari airport, is the site of recent excavations revealing a flourishing city of 7 to 8 centuries ago. Its beautiful and exquisite temples and sculptures speak of a glorious past.
A little way off from Bomdila is Tawang at a height of 3,040 metres, and one of the highest administrative headquarters in the world Malinithan, 1 km from Lilabari airport, is the site of recent excavations revealing a flourishing city of 7 to 8 centuries ago. Its beautiful and exquisite temples and sculptures speak of a glorious past.
Parashuram Kund : Famous as the place where Lord Parashuram washed his sin of matricide, the Parashuram Kund is situated on the banks of the river, Lohit, 21 km from Tezu. The Kund is the scene of a big gathering of visitors and pilgrims coming for a holy dip on Magh Purnima (fullmoon during January).
Bhismakanagar : And, in the district of Lohit lies the fortress of King Bhismaka called Bhismakanagar. Its strong ramparts on three sides, and a mountain wall on the fourth have made it almost impregnable. This was the ancient kingdom of Bhismaka where he gave his daughter, Rukmini, in marriage to Lord Krishna. Among the ruins is an ancient Shiva Temple. Bhsmakanagar can be reached from Tezu.
Tipi : Tipi, on the way to Bomdila, is situated at a height of 190 meters. Over 7,500 orchids of about 300 species, some very rare, can be seen here. There is also are Orchid Museum and Herbarium.
Namdapha Wildlife Sanctury : The 1,800 sq. km Namdapha Wildlife Sanctuary, on the indo-Burma border in Tirap district, is a delight for the wildlife enthusiast. Its rare inmates include the famous snow leopard, the musk deer, and the Himalayan black deer, among numerous other animals.